LIBYA - EUROPEAN UNION
Libya's relationship with the European Union
The EU is the most important trade partner to Libya, accounting for 70% of Libya's total trade, estimated at 35.5 billion in 2010. The EU supports Libya through its various institutions. It conducts political dialogue with Libya at all levels through exchange of visits and contacts, The Libyan Embassy in Brussels and the European Union Mission in Libya follow up and coordinate the issues related to the two sides. On the other hand, there are multi-lateral cooperation between Libya and the European Union through the Maghreb Union, the League States and the African Union.
For decades, the EU has not had any formal relationship with the former regime despite the fact that its member countries have extensive trade relations, especially hydrocarbons. In 2010, it accounted for 70% of Libya's trade volume of 35.5 billion euros.
After the lifting of the international embargo on the former regime of September 2003, the Union initiated a political dialogue with it in order to identify it more in order to develop a strategy to deal with it. Since the regime was not similar to the other southern neighbors in the European Neighborhood Policy, In October 2007, negotiations were held on the possibility of reaching a comprehensive framework agreement. The first rounds started in November 2008. Ten rounds of negotiations were held, the last of which was in February 2011, during which a preliminary draft of a traditional framework agreement was drafted. Political dialogue, trade and trade issues Of administrative cooperation, health, animal health and trade in services and the transfer of capital and development and other technical aspects related to the establishment of a free trade zone between the EU and Libya.
The process of negotiations stalled because of the opposition of the former regime to include clear clauses relating to democracy, good governance, human rights and trade relations, and resorted to prolonging these negotiations and continuing without achieving the desired results, a strategy that shows the international community continuing its political dialogue with the Union. The February 17 Revolution.
The Union's position on the February 17 revolution was remarkable since it began its contacts with the Transitional National Council. It opened an office in Benghazi in May 2011. During the period of the revolution, it provided about 85 billion euros for humanitarian support, in addition to another 70 million euros Member states in addition to full participation in the international action supporting the revolution and the continuous visits of senior officials to Benghazi.
After the declaration of liberation, the Union identified its position in favor of the transformation in Libya, which aims. As well as the promotion of Libya's deep democracy based on institutions and institutions of a strong, transparent and responsible civil society, seeking to address the root causes of the conflict, promoting the integration of Libya in its surroundings and the world as a whole, as well as supporting diversification of its economy, employment creation, trade and partnership between Business sector and investors.
The Union opened its office in Tripoli in August 2011 and raised to the level of a mission in November of the same year, Ambassador and a number of specialized staff.
On the basis of the division of the international community after the declaration of liberation for its tasks related to the assistance and support of Libya, the European Union was mandated to work with Libya in three areas: border security, civil society, media and strategic communications. During the first half of 2012, Its tasks include detailed reports containing recommendations for urgent measures and activities to assist the Transitional Government in advancing these areas.
The number of projects initiated by the Union in Libya is 44 projects worth 85.5 million euros in the fields of security, rule of law, democracy, human rights, civil society, illegal migration, health, education, protection of the vulnerable and economic growth. 2011-2013, signed by His Excellency the Minister of Planning, allocating € 50 million to the areas of support for the transitional process in Libya, improving the quality of human capital and sustaining economic and social development, and jointly addressing the challenges of managing the Jar